Bovine TB: a guide to the disease

Agriculture

The disease is caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium bovis (M. bovis), which can also infect and cause disease in badgers, deer, goats, pigs, camelids (llamas and alpacas), dogs and cats, as well as many other mammals. Bovine TB (bTB) is a zoonotic disease, which means that it can be naturally transmitted from animals to humans under certain conditions. bTB is one of the biggest challenges facing the cattle farming industry today, particularly in parts of Wales, the West and South West of England.