The NFU's policy and commodity advisers are working to provide up to date advice on the issues impacting members as a result of the coronavirus outbreak.
Here you'll find information related to the day-to-day running of your business such as accessing labour, BPS and environmental schemes, driving and vehicle regulations, farm events, training and audits, farm inspections and much more.
This information will be updated regularly. More detailed briefings on some of the topics are below or will be published in due course.
Last updated: 4 June 2020
Click on the links below to jump straight to the piece of information:
- Advice for employers
- Coronavirus regulations: What are the lockdown restrictions and do they apply to me?
- Access to labour
- Key workers
- BPS and environmental schemes
- Animal health concerns
- Driving and vehicles
- Access to PPE
- Farm events, training and audits
- Should I allow a utility operator on my farm or into my house?
- Will HSE farm inspections continue to take place during the coronavirus outbreak?
- Guidance for food businesses
- Guidance for beekeepers
Looking for more advice? These pages contain more information related to COVID-19:
Advice for employers
To support members with practical employment and health and safety related concerns around COVID 19, the NFU's team of in-house legal professionals have produced this Q&A article which they are keeping up to date. This go-to resource is a useful outline of an employer's responsibilities and obligations, with useful links to official guidance.
Coronavirus regulations: What are the lockdown restrictions and do they apply to me?
The Health Protection (Coronavirus, Restrictions) (England) Regulations 2020 came into force on 26 March 2020. The regulations introduce measures which are designed to help reduce the spread of coronavirus and, therefore, protect public health. The measures impose restrictions on both business operations and personal freedoms, with criminal sanctions in place for those who fail to comply with the rules.
While the continued production of food remains vital, farmers need to be aware of the new restrictions to ensure that they do not breach the rules.
On 10 May, some changes to lockdown in England were announced, including encouraging employees who cannot work from home to return to work and allowing the public to leave the house for recreation as well as exercise. The government’s ‘stay at home’ message was withdrawn in England, replaced with the slogan ‘stay alert’.
On 1 June, further changes to lockdown regulations come into place in England. Further details are on the government website.
The changes for England brought in on 1 June include:
Meeting friends & relatives: Groups of up to six people from different households can meet outside (either in parks or private gardens). Social distancing (2m apart) must be maintained.
Going outside to exercise: There is no longer a limit to the amount of time spent outside doing exercise, or in "open-air recreation" like sunbathing.
Small groups of sports teams can resume fitness sessions, but social distancing must be maintained. Up to five others from different households can exercise together outside.
Households can drive any distance in England to destinations such as parks and beaches. But they should not travel to Wales, Scotland or Northern Ireland, where the rules are different.
Working arrangements: People who can work from home should continue to do so "for the foreseeable future".
Those who can't work from home, should travel to their workplace if it is open - and walk, cycle or drive if at all possible, to prevent overcrowding on public transport. Those who do use public transport should expect social-distance queuing and to wear face coverings.
Workplaces should be made safe for staff (more cleaning, staggered working shifts, no hot-desking).
Anyone needing to enter someone else's home for their job is allowed to return to work. No work should be carried out in the home of someone shielding or isolating because of COVID-19 symptoms, unless it is a household emergency.
Shielded people: People who have been asked to stay at home and shield will be able to spend some time outdoors, while continuing to follow social distancing rules.
Moving to a new house: House moves, and viewings can resume. Potential buyers and renters will be able to view houses on the market to let or buy. Anyone who has already bought a new home can visit it to prepare for moving in.
Schools: Pupils in nurseries, and Reception, Years 1 and 6 at primary schools will be able to return. Class sizes are expected to be no more than 15 pupils, with staggered breaks and frequent hand washing.
Retail: Outdoor markets and car showrooms can reopen if social distancing is possible.
The government has also announced further proposals but has said these dates could change if coronavirus infection rates increase.
Secondary schools: From 15 June, secondary schools and further education colleges will be able to have face-to-face contact with Year 10 and 12 pupils who have key exams next year.
University: It is still unclear whether universities will open in September, or whether students will be taught partially or completely online.
All non-essential retailers can reopen from 15 June, if they put in place social distancing measures.
Pubs, restaurants, hairdressers, hotels, cinemas and places of worship will open from 4 July at the earliest, as long as they can meet social distancing measures.
Access to labour
Quarantine - legislation and guidance published on new quarantine rules to apply from 8 June 2020
Legislation has now been laid which means that from 8 June 2020, there will be new arrangements in place at UK borders under which incoming travellers will be expected to self-isolate for 14 days on entry to the country.
The importance of food production has however been recognised in the form of alternative arrangements that have been put in place for seasonal agricultural workers in edible horticulture. Click here for detailed government guidance on these alternative arrangements. In addition to this, more general guidance has also been published by the Home Office on what is required at the border, and by DHSC on self-isolation.
The NFU is of course aware and has raised with Defra that there are seasonal needs outside of edible horticulture and that not all edible horticultural seasonal workers are accommodated on site. Nonetheless, the alternative arrangements for at least some of the required seasonal workforce is welcome. Going forward, the regulations and exemptions will be reviewed every 21 days to ensure that they remain proportionate and are still justified by the best scientific evidence.
Changes to furlough including allowance for more flexible furloughing
Following announcements by the Chancellor, updated guidance on the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme for furloughing workers has been published which from 1 July 2020 will allow previously furloughed workers to be furloughed by employers for any amount of time and on any shift pattern, while still claiming a grant from the scheme for the worker's normal hours that have not been worked. The cap on the furlough grant will be proportional to the hours not worked.
The NFU, along with other industry and business bodies, has been calling for more flexibility within the furlough scheme and this movement by the government is therefore welcome, especially as this change is being implemented a month earlier than expected.
This FAQ page produced by our Specialist Advice Team contains further detail on the new facility for part-time furlough, as well as on other aspects of the scheme. It is important to note however that the scheme will be closed to new entrants from 30 June 2020. From this point onwards, employers will only be able to furlough employees that they have furloughed for a full three-week period prior to 30 June.
Effectively this means that the final date by which an employer can furlough an employee for the first time will be the 10 June 2020, in order for the current three-week furlough period to be completed by 30 June 2020. Furthermore, it is also important to be aware that from August 2020 to the anticipated end of the scheme at the end of October, the level of the grant will be slowly tapered downwards to reflect that it is anticipated that people will be returning to work. Further details of how this tapering will work are available in the FAQ.
The NFU continues to work on access to labour concerns – click here for an NFU update and insight on this. We are actively engaging with government to seek solutions to these emerging areas of concern. Some suggestions already made centre around getting seasonal horticultural workers recognised as essential workers, looking at all options to enable migrant workers to still come from abroad and re-routing workers from other sectors where work is no longer available due to the impact of COVID-19.
Extension of visas for those who cannot travel home
Following NFU lobbying, the Government has confirmed that if you’re in the UK and your leave expires between 24 January 2020 and 31 May 2020 then your visa will be extended to 31 May 2020 if you cannot leave the UK because of travel restrictions or self-isolation related to coronavirus (COVID-19). They have also provided guidance on getting your visa if you are outside of the UK. For more information visit the Coronavirus (COVID-19): advice for UK visa applicants and temporary UK residents page on Gov.uk.
How do I complete right to work checks for any new workers?
Normally when you take on new workers, you have to carry out in person document checks to ensure that they have the right to work in the UK as part of the recruitment process. Now due to the measures in place to deal with the virus this means this is not always possible.
Following NFU and business lobbying, the government has announced that right to work checks are to be relaxed during the COVID-19 outbreak to allow them to be carried out remotely. This move is welcome as it is a pragmatic solution to recruitment issues, whether this is for seasonal work or to fill more permanent positions.
It is important to note that this is a temporary process.
The process that will now need to be followed as from 30 March 2020 is to:
- Ask the worker to submit a scanned copy or a photo of their original documents via email or using a mobile app.
- Arrange a video call with the worker – ask them to hold up the original documents to the camera and check them against the digital copy of the documents.
- Record the date you made the check and mark it as “adjusted check undertaken on [insert date] due to COVID-19”.
- If the worker has a current Biometric Residence Permit or Biometric Residence Card or status under the EU Settlement Scheme you can use the online right to work checking service while doing a video call - the applicant must give you permission to view their details.
- If the worker is unable to provide any documents you should use the Employer Checking Service.
These steps are only a temporary measure and will not provide any statutory defence to illegally employing a worker. It is still an offence to knowingly employ somebody who does not have the right to work in the UK.
When the coronavirus temporary measures end as notified by the Home Office, employers will need to carry out retrospective right to work checks for workers employed during the temporary measures or for those who needed a follow up right to work check during this time. There will be an eight week grace period and employers should keep copies of the initial and retrospective checks.
The retrospective check should include the following statement: ‘the individual’s contract commenced on [insert date]. The prescribed right to work check was undertaken on [insert date] due to COVID-19.’
If, during a retrospective check, an employer finds out that the worker does not have the right to work, they must end their employment immediately.
‘Key workers’ has become a widely used term during the Coronavirus crisis, with different interpretations, but currently the only Government list of such workers relates to ‘critical workers’ and the provision of school care and childcare for children whose parents are critical to the COVID-19 response. The positive news is that ‘Food and other necessary goods’ is listed as one of the critical sectors of workers. This includes those involved in food production, processing, distribution, sale and delivery, as well as those essential to the provision of other key goods (for example hygienic and veterinary medicines). If you work in this sector and you cannot keep your child safe at home then your children will be prioritised for education provision. So farmers are recognised as critical workers in this and also DfE advice for parents.
This is intended to address the problems that could have been caused if workers are unable to work due to closures of schools and nurseries rather than being unwell. It is important to highlight however, that if it is at all possible for children to be at home, without relying on those in at risk groups (such as grandparents, friends/family members with underlying conditions etc) then they should still be kept home even for workers in these sectors.
Parents should also do everything they can to ensure children are not mixing socially in a way that can continue to spread the virus. This means children should observe the same social distancing principles as adults.
For clarity, it is worth underlining the list above is about ‘critical workers’ whose children should be provided with education provision. It is a positive indication on how the food supply chain is perceived by government but at this stage, it does not go beyond this in scope. For example, the list makes no link between critical or key workers and any justification to work or to travel for work purposes.
The current government position on travel for work purposes is that this is allowed, but only where you cannot work from home. The exception to this would be if you work in one of those businesses and venues government has required to close. However businesses involved in food production, processing, distribution, sale and delivery are not on this list - government recognises that it is important for business to carry on, that some people cannot work from home and that certain jobs require people to travel to, from and for their work. We are in contact with government on these issues and will keep members updated.
Impact on BPS and environmental schemes
RPA and COVID-19
The RPA has launched a new web page at Gov.uk with COVID-19 information for farmers, landowners and rural businesses which it intends to keep updated on a regular basis. This covers information on all the main schemes the RPA operates including Basic Payment Scheme (BPS) applications, Countryside Stewardship (CS) revenue claims, Environmental Stewardship (ES) claims, and woodland legacy revenue claims,
It is important to note the following:
- This page covers general information, not necessarily scheme specific.
- As this is a moving situation, this page should be tracked on a regular basis. Sign up to RPA updates and follow the RPA via social media.
2020 claim deadline extended to 15 June 2020
The government has confirmed that the deadline for 2020 Basic Payment Scheme (BPS) applications, Countryside Stewardship (CS) revenue claims, Environmental Stewardship (ES) claims, and woodland legacy revenue claims, without penalty, is extended by one month to midnight on 15 June 2020, in recognition of the disruption caused by coronavirus (COVID-19).
The period for making amendments without penalty is extended to midnight on 30 June 2020.
The final deadline, with penalty, is extended to midnight on 10 July 2020.
The deadlines for submitting CS applications are unchanged. Applications to CS Higher Tier and CS Hedgerows and Boundaries Grant closed on 1 May.
- For more information regarding CS applications please refer to the NFU’s agri-environment channel.
- Please refer to the NFU’s BPS channel for more information on dates and application issues.
The RPA have announced they will be issuing bridging payments worth 75% of the value of the claim to all outstanding 2019 ES and CS claimants. This is something the NFU have been calling for and we hope this offers some reassurance to members in this challenging time.
Liaison with the Rural Payments Agency
The NFU continues to be in regular contact with the RPA and has raised a number of issues including the following and also has produced a number of documents for members, more information can be found here.
RPA processes: Could the RPA simplify its claim processes (beyond the processes for BPS 2020 or CS 2020 that already taking place). The NFU sees the need for a full end to end review of what can be done to deliver more time now to help those applying in challenging circumstances and delivering payments from 1 December 2020.
Deadlines: The deadline dates remain as originally planned. The NFU did no support extensions to 2020 claim deadlines on the basis this could lead to processing issues further down the line. However, we do support more flexibility in the RPA’s approach to alterations and evidence submissions after the deadlines have passed.
Penalties: The NFU is aware that there are changes to come on the BPS eligibility sanctions, but can the RPA look at all the penalties to see where more flexibility can be included in the application of such sanctions across the board where situations are genuinely outside of farmers control? There is potential that no staff will be available to help with inspections of stock or vets are not able to provide necessary paperwork to show compliance.
Vulnerable groups: Many farmers fall into this and are now being told to adhere to a 12-week isolation, how can we help those needing to supply a claim by a future deadline.
Approach to support those applying for Countryside Stewardship 1/1/21 start date: Will there be any support given? Also, will there be any issues with getting Higher Tier agreements that require NE approval (on farm) up and running given that contact is to be avoided.
22 April update from Natural England on Countryside Stewardship applications
Following NFU meetings with the chief executives of Natural England and the RPA, NE has announced that it is adapting the way it gives advice to support farmers, land managers and rural businesses during these unprecedented times. NE advisers are able to give advice without always needing to visit, in particular where they have worked with the farmer before.
NE have also told the NFU they are working with the RPA on making payments and helping customers submit their claims and applications.
Higher Tier Countryside Stewardship
To enable land managers to develop Higher Tier applications in time for the 1 May application deadline, NE staff are able to provide advice remotely (by phone or video call) on applications, so that schemes can be progressed in the absence of a site visit. NE are also developing a range of processes looking at how to best use technology including remote sensing, digital solutions and virtual meetings to support Countryside Stewardship 2020 applications.
Mid-Tier Countryside Stewardship
NE will be supporting applicants through an off-farm advice programme. Applicants can contact an adviser and book a clinic session. Applicants will receive advice on the options most appropriate to their holding and top tips on ensuring applications are correct.
Catchment Sensitive Farming
NE will also continue to offer technical advice and support on Catchment Sensitive Farming (CSF) by remote/digital means, including where farmers need to make Countryside Stewardship Mid-Tier applications. Contact the CSF team as usual on 020 8026 2018.
Animal health concerns
TB testing – APHA update
The Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) have added some further clarification with regards to TB testing. These changes are explained in the briefing note 08/20. Read the APHA briefing note.
In summary, TB testing should only be carried out where it is safe to do so, maintaining a 2-metre distance between vet and farm staff, and between farm staff who do not live together. If it cannot be carried out safely, due to handling systems and/or the stock to be tested, it should be postponed.
If a whole test cannot be carried out due to an inability to test safely, there is an option to delay the window ONCE to allow either social restrictions to be lifted, or alternative handling to be implemented.
In short, there will be no financial penalties in Basic Payment Schemes or herd restrictions placed on OTF herds for delaying a test, if it is within the revised testing window. The testing window extensions depends on the type of test concerned. Those tests with a 3 month window will be delayed for an additional 2 months, and those with an initial testing window of 2 months, will be extended by a month. For breakdown testing, herds will be permitted to extend testing up to 120 days after reactor removal.
BCVA have stated that they are working to clarify a position with AHPA surrounding the ability to split whole TB tests into part tests, to accommodate for certain cohorts of cattle that cannot be safely tested at this time.
Farmers should speak to their vet before a test is due to discuss their individual situation and ability to test safely.
Driving and vehicles
Driving tests have been suspended during the COVID-19 outbreak to help prevent spread of the virus.
What will happen to appointments?
Car tests will be rebooked for a new date.
Motorbike, lorry, bus and tractors test will not be rebooked; a refund will be given; the candidate will need to rebook when the suspension is ended.
Can I apply for an emergency test as a critical worker?
It is possible to apply for an emergency test if your work is critical to the COVID-19 response. Critical work includes:
Health and asocial care
Education and child care
Key public services
Local and national government
Food and other necessary goods
Utilities and communication
Further information on what is classed as critical work is available here.
Details on how to apply for an emergency test and the information that is required is available here.
Limited emergency test availability
It is very likely that emergency tests will only be available for health and social care workers.
The DVSA have informed us that there are a limited number of test appointments available. The DVSA state that they will need to make sure these tests are available to health and social care workers where driving is a critical part of their job over other groups of critical workers. The DVSA will keep the provision of tests under review and will start offering tests to other types of critical workers when then they become available.
The Department for Transport has issued updated guidance regarding MOT testing of vehicles.
MOT testing of HGVs is suspended for three months starting on 21 March. If an MOT certificate expires during this period vehicle operators can request a Certificate of Temporary Exemption (CTE). Further information on CTE is available here.
Operators of HGVs must continue to ensure that all vehicles are maintained, safe to drive on road and operated within the terms of operator license conditions.
Trailers will be exempt from needing an MOT for 3 months from 21 March 2020. In most cases, your trailer will have been automatically issued a 3-month exemption, and you do not need to do anything. However, you might need to apply for this, if your vehicle fits into one of these categories:
- any vehicle that needs a first MOT (annual test) before 31 March 2020
- a vehicle or trailer returning to service where the test certificate expired before March 2020
- a vehicle needing a dangerous goods (ADR) test before 31 March 2020
You will not receive a paper exemption certificate. Instead, your MOT will be extended by 3 months from its current due date.
You can check your MOT history to see when you have been issued an exemption. It will not be updated straight away so you should check back if the date your MOT is now due has not been updated yet.
Cars, vans and motorcycles:
Cars, vans and motorcycles due an MOT from 30/03/20 will have their MOT extended for 6 months – this will continue indefinitely. However, vehicles must continue to be kept in roadworthy condition, as drivers can still be prosecuted if driving an unsafe vehicle. Follow the following links for information on:
What do I do if my professional Driver Certificate of Professional Competence has expired?
Most professional lorry and bus drivers must complete 35 hours periodic training every five years to maintain a driver qualification card (DQC).
As a result of the current coronavirus outbreak training for drivers may not be available. In light of a lack of training provision drivers whose DQCs expire in the period 1 March 2020 to 30 September 2020 will be allowed to continue driving.
In addition military drivers who have different training compared to civilian drivers will be allowed to drive in civilian situations during the same period.
Enforcing authorities have been informed of the relaxation of the rules. However drivers should continue to carry their DQC even if it has expired. Drivers who will benefit from this relaxation will be required to comply with Driver CPC rules from 1 October 2020.
HGV licence renewal during the COVID-19 outbreak
The DVLA has temporarily removed the requirement for a D4 medical for those aged 45+ in order to renew a HGV licence. As long as you are fit to drive, you will be able to apply for a 1-year licence without the need to provide further medical evidence.
These relaxations only apply to those whose licence has expired since 1 January 2020, or is due to expire in 2020. You will still be required to declare any health issues that do not affect driving, and those with health issues that prevent driving safely will not have their licence renewed.
The licence will only be valid for 1 year, after which a completed D4 will need to be submitted in order to renew.
If you have further concerns, click here for information on how to contact the DVLA.
Related information from the NFU
Visit our Coronavirus: What is the impact on the supply chain? page for more information on:
Access to PPE
The NFU has been receiving reports of difficulty obtaining some PPE in some sectors, in particular FFP2 and FFP3 face masks. This is a reflection of the global shortage of certain PPE, and the importance of ensuring that front line workers have access to appropriate PPE during the COVID-19 outbreak.
The NFU understands that current disruption in the PPE supply chain has caused industry-wide uncertainty over current supply lead times, and the long-term impacts to the PPE supply chain.
A number of larger PPE suppliers are not accepting orders from new customers, or orders that are over and above a normal 'business as usual' order.
HSE have made it clear that PPE requirements for the workplace have not been relaxed, and all HSE guidelines must continue to be adhered to.
You should not use improvised or home-made items in place of usual PPE for agricultural activities, as they will likely not be fit-for-purpose, and will not offer appropriate protection.
Be aware of online scams, or purchasing products with falsified certification. To avoid this, ensure you source all PPE from a Registered Safety Supplier, as this will guarantee that products are genuine and fit-for-purpose. Click here for a list of Registered Safety Suppliers.
From 1 May until 31 July 2020, all PPE purchased by care homes, businesses and individuals to protect against COVID-19 will be free from VAT.
- Click here for more HSE guidelines on health and safety practises at work
- Click here for a guide on PPE required to control exposure to poultry dust
- Click here for more information on using Respiratory Protective Equipment (RPE) properly
Will farm events, training and audits continue?
- Farm audits are likely to be suspended for the foreseeable future and reviewed as appropriate.
- A number of organisations that run farmer events, including Championing the Farmed Environment, AHDB, Catchment Sensitive Farming and Natural England, are postponing farm events, farm visits and site visits. Many are exploring ways of delivering advice and training virtually through webinars and other technology.
- Relevant providers are reviewing how they deal with the difficulties with restricted travel and obtaining Continuing Professional Development (CPD) points. BASIS have relaxed rules on CPD point collection – more information can be found here.
- LEAF Open Farm Sunday has been postponed - find out more here.
Most farming shows and events have been cancelled.
- Shows cancelled include: The British Pig and Poultry Fair, the Grassland & Muck Event, the Royal Three Counties Show, the Great Yorkshire Show, Devon County Show (postponed to August 28 – 30), Royal Welsh Show, Northumberland County Show, Suffolk Show, Staffordshire County Show ,The Royal Bath and West Show , Royal Cornwall Show , Lincolnshire Show, Royal Norfolk Show and Royal Lancashire Show
- The Cereals event will be postponed until June 2021. The NFU has heard from the Cereals Team: “However, we are still determined to do our utmost to support the industry, so will be taking the event online on 10-11 June 2020 instead. We will endeavour to deliver working demonstration videos, seminar sessions and expert advice so that visitors and exhibitors can get as much as possible from the event and gain CPD points as normal. We will also do our best to help facilitate information exchange between exhibitors and visitors in a digital environment. We hope that you will support us in this new initiative.”
Should I allow a utility operator on my farm or into my house?
Openreach have published advice online. The NFU supports this approach as it balances the need to repair and maintain the network and avoid spread of COVID-19. The internet should be seen as an essential service.
Openreach say their number one priority is to keep people connected, and they’ve been working closely with customers to minimise the impact that the Government’s new restrictions have on the services they can provide.
Openreach are focussing on the repair and maintenance of connections that support critical national infrastructure, essential public services, vulnerable customers and those without service.
They’ve also advised their engineers to avoid entering customer premises. A large amount of their work can be completed outside, and they can often fix problems without entering a customer's property. Openreach are advising engineers not to complete any work inside a property unless it would leave a vulnerable customer with no form of connection, and it's not possible to provide one by any other means.
Will HSE farm inspections continue to take place during the coronavirus outbreak?
The HSE have informed us that they are reviewing the approach to inspection work in light of the COVID-19 situation. In circumstances that Inspectors feel it necessary to visit farms, such as to investigate serious incidents or where there is intelligence that risks are not being properly managed, inspectors will follow PHE guidance on social separation while visiting the workplace.
Members are reminded that there are no changes to the legal requirement to follow health and safety law and for employers and the self-employed to manage risks on the farm to ensure the health and safety of themselves, workers, family, visitors and contractors, and members of the public. During this period, Health and Safety Law has not been suspended or relaxed.
Guidance for food businesses
It is very unlikely that you can catch coronavirus from food.
COVID-19 is a respiratory illness. It is not known to be transmitted by exposure to food or food packaging.
Any food handler who is unwell should not be at work. If they have symptoms, they should follow government advice and stay at home.
Although it is very unlikely that coronavirus is transmitted through food, as a matter of good hygiene practice anyone handling food should wash their hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. This should be done as a matter of routine, before and after handling food, and especially after being in a public place, blowing their nose, coughing, or sneezing.
Food business operators should continue to follow Public Health England guidance
We support measures to allow safe privileged access to supermarkets and food businesses for the elderly and essential workers such as NHS staff.
Guidance for beekeepers
It is important to be responsible and ensure good beekeeping practices are maintained, effective stock management and health checks. Governments advice on social distancing should be observed at all times; avoid gatherings of more than two people, including at your apiary.