Find out about further changes for imports of EU agri-food goods

On 14 September, the government announced further significant changes to the timetable for the implementation of checks and controls on EU imports into the UK.

On this page, our international trade experts guide you through what the latest announcements mean.

Border Operating Model

Under the Border Operating Model, the introduction of certain controls on EU goods entering the UK market, including Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) and customs controls, will be phased in. Under the changes, several of the key dates for implementation of new controls, such as the use of health certificates or Border Control Post inspections, have been delayed as follows.

Animals and Products of Animal Origin (POAO)

  • Pre-notification via IPAFFS for POAO, Animal By-Products (ABP) and High-Risk Food Not of Animal Origin (HRFNAO) will not be required until 1 January 2022 – previously this was 1 October 2021.
  • Export health certification for POAO, ABP and HRNAO will not be required until 1 July 2022 – previously this was 1 October 2021.
  • Physical checks for POAO at BCPs will not take place until 1 July 2022 – previously this was 1 January 2022.
  • Physical checks on live animals continue to take place at the Place of Destination (PoD) until further notice, with BCPs being used from 1 July 2022 – previously this was from March 2022.

Get more detailed information at the Gov.uk website: Import or move live animals, germinal products, animal by-products and high risk food and feed not of animal origin

Plants and plant products

  • Phytosanitary certificates will not be required for regulated plants and plant products (including fruit, vegetables and cut flowers) until 1 July 2022 – previously this was 1 January 2022. Prenotification via IPAFFS will still be required for these goods from 1 January 2022.
  • Physical inspections on regulated plants and plant products will come into force on 1 July 2022, and these will take place at authorised Border Control Posts – previously this was 1 March 2022.
  • Physical inspections for high priority plants and plant products (including plants for planting, some seed, seed and ware potatoes, used agricultural machinery) will take place at BCPs from 1 July 2022 – previously this was 1 January 2021. Until then inspections will continue to take place at authorised Places of Destination (PoDs). Phytosanitary certificates will continue to be required for high priority plants and plant products, with prenotification via the PEACH IT system until the new IPAFFS system comes online later this year.
  • The introduction of inspection fees for EU imports of high priority plants came into force on the 1 June 2021 – the NFU continues to lobby for changes to the fee and inspection regime to ensure fairness for growers.

Get more detailed information at the Gov.uk website: Import plants and plant products from the EU to Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Customs

Full customs import declarations and controls will still be required from 1 January 2022 as previously announced. Safety and Security Declarations for imports will not be required until 1 July 2022 – previously this was 1 January 2022. Traders moving controlled goods into Great Britain will continue to be ineligible for the deferred customs declaration approach. They will therefore be required to complete a full customs declaration when the goods enter Great Britain.

NFU position

UK goods entering the EU have faced full border controls since 1 January 2021, without any phasing in. The NFU has stressed the impact this unlevel playing field has had on UK exports, and is calling for the UK and EU together to agree long-term arrangements as a matter of priority so trade can flow as smoothly as possible between the EU and UK while new border infrastructure and systems are put in place.

Read more about our position here: Further delays to post-Brexit import controls: NFU response