The risks of climate change on agriculture and food have been assessed in the latest UK Climate Change Risk Assessment technical report, led by the Climate Change Committee (CCC).
The assessment considered a catalogue of climate risks and opportunities affecting every aspect of life in the UK. It found that action to improve the nation’s resilience is failing to keep pace with the impacts of a warming planet and increasing climate risks.
- Learn more about the Independent Assessment of UK Climate Risk - read the full technical document and access sector summaries
Nearly 60% of the risks and opportunities assessed in the 1,500-page report have been given the highest urgency score.
The report determined that the following are priority risk areas that need immediate attention: livestock and commercial trees; soil health; the supply of food, goods and vital services; human health, wellbeing and productivity from increased exposure to heat; biodiversity.
The Climate Change Committee has suggested that there are strong benefits from taking effective adaptation action. Suggested actions are detailed in the report. It also says that the UK government has an important role in delivering a much better action plan.
To date, the government has not heeded the CCC’s advice on the importance of an action plan, or on funding it adequately. This needs to change.
Climate Change Risk Assessment briefing on agriculture and food
The sector briefing on agriculture and food says that:
- Future climatic changes could significantly impact on UK soil health
- Agricultural productivity could be at risk as a direct result of more extreme weather or due to a greater number of pests, pathogens or invasive species
- There could be some opportunities for UK agriculture should new or alternative species become suitable or due to longer growing seasons (if water is not limiting)
- Agricultural land is important to parts of the UK’s landscape, meaning that changes to the former could affect the latter
- The future impacts of climate change in the UK and overseas could pose risks to food safety and food security.
Read the Independent Assessment of UK Climate Risk agriculture and food briefing, which includes beneficial actions to take over the next five years to mitigate risk.
Watch the live launch of the report
At the launch of the report, the CCC highlighted the risks to food production and supply.
Watch the live launch of the Independent Assessment of UK Climate Risk (a virtual event). Participants address climate change impacts on food production and supply from 1:00, and the CCC stresses: “This is such an important question... but one that the government is reluctant to discuss”.
We must adapt to changing weather patterns
Fifty seven percent of NFU members say they have experienced extreme weather conditions, such as flooding or drought, in the past 10 years. The NFU sees a pressing need to further equip farmers and growers with tools to better manage extreme weather events.